Choosing The Best Choke For Dove Hunting | Great Days Outdoors

Choosing The Best Choke For Dove Hunting

As the brisk breeze of autumn ushers in a new hunting season, wingshooters turn their focus to the exhilarating pursuit of dove hunting. Amidst the anticipation and camaraderie, one crucial aspect often dictates the success of this cherished sport: the selection of the optimal choke. While shotguns and ammunition play a pivotal role, the choke you choose can significantly influence your shooting performance, determining whether you bring home a bountiful harvest or experience a day of missed opportunities. So choosing the best choke for dove hunting is paramount.

Understanding Chokes For Dove Hunting

Chokes, those seemingly inconspicuous tubes nestled at the muzzle of your shotgun, wield a remarkable influence over the spread and density of your shot pattern. For dove hunting, where swift and agile targets demand a balance of precision and coverage, comprehending the diverse array of choke options becomes paramount. Before we dive into the question of what the best choke for dove hunting is, let’s take a second to get a high-level overview of what chokes are, choke constrictions, and how constriction affects pattern density and range.

Explanation Of Shotgun Chokes And Their Role In Shooting

Shotgun chokes are essential components that play a pivotal role in determining the spread and concentration of pellets when firing a shot. Found at the muzzle of the shotgun barrel, chokes effectively constrict the shot pattern as it exits the barrel, shaping its dispersion and influencing the effective range of the shot. Shotgun chokes give shooters the flexibility to adapt their firearm’s performance to different hunting or shooting scenarios, enhancing accuracy and increasing the chances of hitting the intended target.

dove hunting
The choice of choke for dove hunting significantly impacts your shooting success.

Impact Of Choke Selection On Pattern Density And Range

Choke selection holds a decisive influence over both pattern density and effective range when engaging in dove hunting. The choice of choke determines how tightly the shot pattern clusters as it travels downrange, directly affecting the probability of hitting these agile and elusive targets. Opting for a more open choke, like improved cylinder, results in a wider pattern that facilitates increased coverage for close-in shots, aligning well with the rapid and unpredictable flight of doves. Conversely, selecting a tighter choke, such as Modified or Full, concentrates the pattern, extending the effective range but potentially sacrificing coverage at shorter distances. Striking the right balance is crucial, as a well-matched choke ensures an optimum blend of pattern density and range, ultimately elevating a hunter’s ability to consistently connect with these fast-moving birds.

Dove Hunting Chokes Points To Consider

Distance And Range: Matching Chokes To Hunting Conditions

When it comes to dove hunting, tailoring your choke selection to the hunting conditions plays a pivotal role in achieving accurate and effective shots. The interplay between distance and range directly influences the success of your hunt. 


In open fields or when doves are soaring high, a tighter choke like Modified or Full can help maintain pattern density at extended ranges, increasing your chances of connecting with distant targets. Conversely, in more confined spaces or when doves are flying in closer proximity, an Improved Cylinder or Cylinder choke provides a wider pattern, ensuring that you’re prepared to capitalize on fleeting opportunities. 

best choke for dove hunting
A well-matched choke ensures an optimum blend of pattern density and range.

Understanding the nuances of distance and range and their symbiotic relationship with choke selection equips you with the versatility needed to excel in a variety of dove hunting scenarios, maximizing your shot accuracy and overall success in the field.

Ammunition Selection And Its Compatibility With Specific Chokes

Ammunition selection, intricately linked to the compatibility of specific chokes, stands as a vital factor in the pursuit of successful dove hunting. The type of shotshell you choose can significantly influence the performance of your chosen choke, impacting both pattern density and effective range. 

Lighter loads, such as those with smaller shot sizes like #8 or #9, harmonize well with more open chokes like Cylinder or Improved Cylinder. These combinations optimize pattern spread, rendering them ideal for close-quarters engagements. On the other hand, heavier loads or larger shot sizes like #6 or #7.5 synergize effectively with tighter chokes such as Modified or Full, enhancing pattern concentration and extending effective range for those high-flying targets. 

The seamless marriage of ammunition and choke selection ensures a harmonious partnership, granting dove hunters the precision and versatility necessary to adapt to diverse shooting scenarios and ultimately elevate their chances of a rewarding and successful hunt.

Pattern Testing Your Dove Hunting Chokes

Before you go dove hunting, it’s really important to do some pattern testing. This involves shooting your shotgun with different chokes and ammo at a pattern board to see how the shot spreads out. By doing this, you can figure out which combination works best for hitting doves accurately. Pattern testing lets you see problems and fix them ahead of time, so that when you’re out there hunting, you can feel confident that your shotgun setup will help you aim better and have a successful hunt.


Begin by selecting a large, flat target board and affixing a clear grid or aiming point on it. Position the board at the distance that you intend to try and shoot most of your dove. Fire a series of shots at the target, aiming at the center of the grid, using the choke and ammunition you’ve selected as a candidate for hunting with. 

Shoot 3 shots, then examine the pattern to see how the pellets are distributed. This will help you understand how your chosen choke performs at that distance. What you’re looking for is an evenly distributed pattern with no holes that a dove could fly through, centered upon your aiming point.

Advantages Of Muller Shotgun Chokes For Dove Hunters

If all of that sounds like too much work, or if you’re just rushed for time with dove season fast-approaching, you’re in luck. We recently sat down on the Huntin’ Land Podcast to discuss dove chokes with Jimmy Muller. Jimmy is the owner of Muller Chokes, a world-class clay shooter, and an expert wing shot who has taken thousands of waterfowl and upland birds with a shotgun. Read on to learn how Muller has done most of the hard work for you when picking the right choke for dove hunting, and to get Jimmy’s personal recommendations on dove chokes.

Gun-Specific Geometry

While the above-mentioned designations of Improved Cylinder, Modified, and Full constriction suggest some degree of standardization amongst choke models, that unfortunately isn’t the case. Bore diameter varies widely between different shotgun manufacturers, and so does the amount of constriction that different choke manufacturers call “cylinder,” “mod,” or “full.” This means that the choke that shoots awesome in your buddy’s Remington 870 can shoot completely differently in your Mossberg, Browning, or Benelli; and it’s a big part of the reason why pattern testing is so important. But Muller Chokes takes that variability out of the equation.

 “What I did with my chokes is I created gun-specific pattern geometry. I took every gun on the market with every different bore diameter, with every barrel length, with every ammo on the market, and I basically kept changing the choke geometry,” Muller explained. “I started with one gun, and I changed every geometry you could imagine until I got a picture-perfect pattern out of that gun, and when I had achieved that for that gun, I drew the blueprint for that choke, and I moved on to the next gun to start all over.”

best choke for dove hunting
Pattern testing your dove hunting choke is a good idea before you head out to hunt.

This means that if you find a Muller choke that works in one of your guns, you can buy that same constriction and expect it to shoot exactly the same in every other gun in your safe. You can also expect a Muller choke to shoot how they say it will pattern on their site, because they’ve shot their chokes in “your” gun before.

Better Build Quality

A good dove choke can be fast and furious, and dove fields are often dusty. High volume shooting in dirty conditions can wreak havoc on chokes.

With a background in aerospace engineering, Muller is familiar with these problems. In order to make sure that his chokes stand up to the rigors of high-volume shooting he uses a high strength Aerospace Aluminum that is infused with a Military Ceramic. This combination makes for a choke that is lightweight, hard-wearing, and extremely resistant to fouling. 

Best Choke For Dove Hunting

So what choke does Jimmy recommend? The answer may surprise you.

“Doves are a small target, and they’re usually flying closer than we think they are,” Jimmy says. “Most people are “over choking,” or shooting way too tight of a pattern, and they miss a lot of birds because of that mistake. They don’t have any margin for error.  There’s a mindset of “tighter is better,” but that’s misguided. Too tight of a choke either gives you a very tight pattern with no margin for error, or you end up over-constricting the load and blowing your pattern out.”

For the unfamiliar, “blowing out” a pattern refers to a pattern that devolves into a blotchy, inconsistent, hole-filled pattern instead of an evenly uniform “cloud” of pellets.

Many hunters make the mistake of shooting way too tight of a pattern with their dove hunting choke.

Jimmy continues.

“What I like to do when dove hunting is shoot something like a Muller Decoy or U2 choke, which is kind of like a light-modified constriction. And it’s going to be a nice, happy medium. If they’re close, I’m going to hit them. If they’re far away, I’m still going to kill them cleanly, right? Because I know exactly what my patterns are in every gun and with every ammo, because I’ve done the work. If I know for a fact that the dove will be flying closer, under 35 yards or so, then I’ll shoot my U1, which is similar to an improved-cylinder constriction.”

Final Thoughts On Dove Hunting Chokes

In conclusion, the choice of choke for dove hunting significantly impacts your shooting success. Different choke types determine pattern spread and effective range, directly affecting your ability to hit agile targets. By understanding choke varieties, considering hunting conditions, and aligning with your shooting style, you enhance your performance in the field. So, as you prepare for your next dove hunting expedition, remember that your choke selection isn’t just an accessory—it’s a key factor in your pursuit of accurate and rewarding shots. Happy hunting!

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