Saltwater Speckled Trout Fishing Is For Tough Anglers | Great Days Outdoors

Saltwater Speckled Trout Fishing Is For Tough Anglers

The chilly air creates an early morning fog over the slightly warmer water from an Eastern Shore river emptying into Mobile Bay. The boat ride upstream allows the air to find all of the thin parts of my clothing. My teeth are chattering. I’m trying to warm my hands with a cup of hot tea from a thermos. Thankfully, I actually remembered to bring it on this trip. No doubt about it, this is great saltwater speckled trout fishing here on the coast.

Just as I’m about to refresh my warm cup, I have to set everything—cup and thermos—to the side because something more important demands my attention.

I had cast a live finger mullet into the deeper water of a bend in the river just moments earlier, and before the bait had time to settle to the bottom, something decided this little mullet would make a fine breakfast on this chilly morning.

My light spinning rod bends way over, and the line rips through the chilly water as a strong fish fights against the pressure of the hook and line. Silver sides and ink-black spots roil the surface. Seconds later, a very nice two-pound speck trout put on a flashy show at boat side.



I often catch and release fish that I’m lucky enough to fool. But with weather like this, I tend to get fish-hungry. This spotted sea trout and a couple of others will make a welcome fish dinner for me this evening.

Even though speckled trout fishing in February is a little slower than in the spring and early summer, anglers can still have a great time speckled trout fishing.


saltwater speckeld trout

Cold days can warm up fast and specks are hungry. Photo by Ed Mashburn.




Where Are They?

Before we can catch fish, we have to find fish. When it comes to locating saltwater speckled trout in February, it’s a good idea to check with someone who really knows a lot about coastal waters and the fishing there.  

Our buddy Robert Dobson of Foley knows more about fishing the Gulf Coast than most anglers will ever realize. He offers us some good advice when it comes to catching speckled trout in the rivers and creeks of the Alabama coast.

Any of the Eastern Shore tributary streams—Fish River, Magnolia River, and Bon Secour River—all have good populations of specks. Anglers can catch a lot of specks in February by finding the places where specks like to spend their time. Dobson tells us that Fish River may be the best of the lot, day in and day out.  

Also, anglers can work creeks that feed into Wolf Bay, just north of Orange Beach off the ICW and find lots of sizable specks. ”Mifflin Creek and Wolf Creek which feed into Wolf Bay can be very good for specks,” Dobson says.

But anglers can’t just pull into a feeder creek and start catching fish. It takes time to explore and find the specific kinds of areas where saltwater speckled trout like to hole up.

“In February, trout school in deeper parts of creeks and rivers that feed into Mobile Bay,” Dobson adds. “They can be easy to catch at this time because they will be schooled up in large groups. Specks will go as far up the streams as they can go. Sometimes they’ll go up past the Highway 32 Bridge in Fish River.”

Anglers can’t go far wrong when looking for specks in the rivers and creeks by using good electronics to find deeper pockets, especially in bends of rivers where specks will school up and therefore be easier to catch.


Why Are They There?

Speckled sea trout like water a little warmer than they find in the Bay itself. They can usually find it up certain streams where black mud bottoms warm up faster in the sunshine and where springs sometimes bubble up from the bottoms of the streams.

Yet that’s not the real reason they go so far up the creeks, according to Dobson. “They’re looking for food,” he says. “They go where they can find something to eat. They’ll target small mullet, and they find a few leftover shrimp, but most shrimp and the big schools of pogies that were around in summer have already left and gone out into the Gulf as the water cooled.”

If anglers spend a little time exploring and paying attention to their bottom machines, it won’t take long before they find some deep holes in the rivers and creeks. In Bon Secour River, for example, a really deep hole—over thirty feet—lies just below the County Road 10 crossing in the first river bend.

Specks sometimes stack up there as they find more comfortable water temperatures and more forage fish available. In just about every feeder creek of the Mobile Bay system, these deep pockets can be found. These pockets are all potential targets for specks.

Specks won’t stay in the deep water all of the time, even during the chilly weather. “As the day begins to warm, saltwater trout will go up in the shallower water looking for food,” Dobson says. “It comes down to this: where the food is, the trout will be there, too.”  

That means anglers will need to be flexible and aware that the specks will move as conditions change.

It’s not often that saltwater speckled trout in the smaller rivers and streams feeding into Mobile Bay will bust on the surface where they are much easier to see and locate. Anglers will have to fan-cast and work out their casting arms a little bit to find the places where trout are feeding. Once the trout are located, it’s usually not hard to catch a mess of them.


How to Fish Them

There’s one thing that anglers discover when it comes to gearing up with the best speckled trout lures. The best bait for speckled trout fishing—live shrimp—can be very difficult to find.  

In fact, when the weather and water cool off a lot, live shrimp may be impossible to find. This means that anglers have to adjust their offerings of speckled trout bait.

Finger mullet or bull minnows will usually be accepted by specks, and good-condition frozen shrimp is better than nothing. Put these baits on a Kahle hook below a ¼ oz slip sinker and work deep holes. Don’t be surprised if a fat sheepshead takes the dead shrimp intended for specks; they are found in the same places as specks.  

Also, redfish will eat either dead shrimp or live minnows, and that’s not such a bad thing, either. Speckled trout will quite often take artificials very readily.

“When fishing for specks during February, my choice is small stick bait like an X-Rap about two to three inches long,” Dobson says. “Soft plastic jerkbaits work well, and flukes on 1/8 oz jigheads are very good at times. Speckled trout fishing is usually not dead-slow if you’re deep-water fishing. Find the specks and once they are located, they will bite lures worked fairly fast.”

A good starting point for anglers using artificial lures is to tie on a white or silver soft plastic grub or fluke. Bounce it across the bottom with sharp hops and flash it up off the bottom. Be sure and watch the line as the lure sinks after a hop. Specks will very often hit the lure as it sinks back toward the bottom.

One thing that recommends speckled trout fishing is that the fish caught tend to be better than average size. “You catch quality trout in January and February,” Dobson says. “Not as many as in warmer weather, but they’ll be bigger than usual.”

How big can these winter spotted trout be? “Last winter,” he says, “I caught a thirty-two-inch and a thirty-four-inch trout.”


saltwater speckled trout

Live shrimp is the best bait to catch specks like this one. Photo by Ed Mashburn.


What Kind of Day is Best?

There are all kinds of weather days during February—bright sunny bluebird-sky days and dark, gloomy wet days with a stiff wind. Robert Dobson offers this advice.

“My perfect speckled trout fishing day will be cloudy, no wind, and the tide will be falling,” he says. “I rely on past history. I keep records so I can check and see if I caught fish in a particular location last year at a certain time. Also, I look at what’s going on around the stream I’m speckled trout fishing. If I see mullet jumping, that’s a good sign. I also look for animal activity such as squirrels moving near the shoreline, birds moving around, even beavers in the water. That means the day just might be a good one. I’ll also look at other anglers to see if they’re catching anything.”

“I rely on past history. I keep records so I can check and see if I caught fish in a particular location last year at a certain time.”

And can it get too cold to catch saltwater speckled trout? “Too cold?” Dobson says with a wry grin. “Last year we had to break ice to launch at Magnolia River. I’ve had ice freeze on my rods. But the trout still bite. They have to eat!”

It shouldn’t take long to find a sea trout. When one is found, several more won’t be too far away.


Free Boat Ramps to Access Eastern Shore Tributaries to Mobile Bay

Winter trout anglers have a multitude of ramps and also marinas to choose from that will enable them to access the creeks and rivers where specks are found.  The following is a list of free launch facilities that allow anglers to go find their favorite trout fishing spots.


Bon Secour River

Next to Aquila’s Seafood, 17309 River Road, Bon Secour


Wolf Bay and Palmetto Creek

Palmetto Creek Launch, 8223 Escambia Ave, Elberta


Week’s Bay—Fish River, Magnolia River

Viewpoint (Pelican Point) Launch

10471 CR 1, Fairhope


Fish River

Fish River Marina, 11470 US Hay 98, Fairhope


Stay Updated

Get outdoor trends, data, new products, and tips delivered to your inbox.